论文题目：How Extensive are Air Pollution Spillovers? An Application to China's Manufacturing Productivity
bet体育app论文摘要：The extent of trans-boundary pollution spillovers versus local effects is a necessary input in evaluating centralized versus decentralized environmental policies. We estimate spillovers of particulate matter smaller than 10 micrograms (PM10) on manufacturing labor productivity in China. A one μg/m3 annual increase in PM10 locally reduces output by CNY 4,613 and an increase at 50 kilometers by CNY 535. The spillovers decline quickly to CNY 83 at 600 kilometers and then slowly to zero at about 1,000 kilometers. The results suggest the need for supra-provincial environmental policies. Our approach allows for a flexible relationship between pollution and outcome as a function of distance and is easily adapted to compare spillover and local effects for other outcomes. To estimate causal effects, it uses a mixed two-stage least squares method that combines the high frequency (daily) endogenous pollution variable with low-frequency (annual) outcome data. This avoids using annual pollution data which is vulnerable to inter-regional common shocks and insufficient variation.
报告人简介：傅十和，厦门大学王亚南经济研究院和经济学院教授、博导，Boston College经济学博士。主要的研究方向：城市、区域与房地产经济学；劳动经济学；环境经济学；应用计量经济学；经济增长；中国经济。在Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Urban Economics等多个著名顶级期刊发表文章若干，是Growth and Change和PLOS ONE期刊的主编委员。